2019 G-7 Summit: Highlights (Meetings, Declaration, Tweets, Protests)

2019 G7 summit Biarritz, France


This year, the G7 summit will take place from August 24 to 26 in Biarritz, France.
The three-day summit.

The 2019 G7 summit will focus on fighting inequalities and ensuring equal opportunity for everyone while reducing threats and strengthening democracy for a safer world.


The 7 members of the group are the following:
France
Italy
Japan
Germany
Canada
United States
United Kingdom


The European Union is also represented at the G7 summit.
The EU attends due to its role in the world economy - its relevance increased with the establishment of a single market, common currency and foreign policy.

G-7 countries on map
Source: Express


The first summit of the G7 countries was held at Rambouillet, France, in 1975.

The G7 fill out numerous global top lists:
-Leading export countries
-Largest nuclear energy producers
-Largest gold reserves
-Top contributors to the UN budget

Next year the US will host the G7 summit at the Trump National Doral Miami Golf Resort in Florida.

This year 2019 G7 summit:

Guest Invitees (Countries) of the 2019 G7 summit- Australia, Burkina Faso, Chile, Egypt, India, Senegal, Rwanda, and South Africa

Russia rejoins G7:

President Trump called for Russia to re-join the G7, and said in a press conference that “it would be better to have Russia inside the tent than outside the tent.”
Russia was excluded from what was then the G8 in 2014 for its annexation of Crimea from Ukraine.

US-china trade war:

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson criticized the U.S.-China trade war and said he wanted to see the countries lift their tariffs.

US-Iran tension:

Macron wants to focus on easing tensions between the U.S. and Iran. 
Macron also said both he and Trump agreed that Iran “must never have nuclear arms.”

Trump added, “I think there’s a really good chance that we would meet,” 
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif unexpectedly arrived at the G7 summit on Monday, on France’s invitation.

Kashmir issue:

Pm Modi on Kashmir, "don't want to give pain to any third country." 
" Kashmir is a bilateral issue," he said.

US President Donald Trump says,  "PM Modi is confident that the Kashmir situation is under control."

Amazon forest burning:

French President Macron tweeted, “Our house is burning. Literally."
“The Amazon rainforest – the lungs which produce 20% of our planet’s oxygen – is on fire. It is an international crisis. Members of the G7 Summit, let’s discuss this emergency first order in two days! #ActForTheAmazon.”

France’s Macron announced a new global emergency $22 million funds to help South American countries affected by the fires in the Amazon, which has experienced a record number of blazes in 2019.

Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro responded that involving the G7 in Amazonian issues “evokes a misplaced colonialist mindset in the 21st century.”


Protests around G7 summit:

Protesters gathered in the French town of Hendaye on the Spanish border near the G7 summit venue.

protest amount 2019 G7 summit in france
Source: Metro


To demand accountability on various issues including the environment, globalisation, gay rights, Palestinian rights and independence for the Basque region in Spain.

A number of small French and Basque organizations joined to organize a "Contre G7" summit, over the same days as the G7, in the south of the French Basque country.

G7 2019 official Declaration:

G7 LEADERS’ DECLARATION

26 AUGUST 2019 - STATEMENT
The G7 Leaders wish to underline their great unity and the positive spirit of the debates. The G7 Summit organized by France in Biarritz has successfully produced agreements by the Heads of State and Government themselves on several points summarized below:

Trade

The G7 is committed to open and fair world trade and to the stability of the global economy.
The G7 requests that the Finance Ministers closely monitor the state of the global economy. 
Therefore, the G7 wishes to overhaul the WTO to improve effectiveness with regard to intellectual property protection, to settle disputes more swiftly and to eliminate unfair trade practices.
The G7 commits to reaching in 2020 an agreement to simplify regulatory barriers and modernize international taxation within the framework of the OECD.

Iran

We fully share two objectives: to ensure that Iran never acquires nuclear weapons and to foster peace and stability in the region.

Ukraine

France and Germany will organize a Normandy format summit in the coming weeks to achieve tangible results.

Libya

We support a truce in Libya that will lead to a long-term ceasefire.
We believe that only a political solution can ensure Libya’s stability.
We call for a well-prepared international conference to bring together all the stakeholders and regional actors relevant to this conflict.
We support in this regard the work of the United Nations and the African Union to set up an inter-Libyan conference.

Hong Kong

The G7 reaffirms the existence and importance of the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984 on Hong Kong and calls for violence to be avoided.


G7 Gender Equality Advisory Council :

The G7 Gender Equality Advisory Council releases its Recommendations for advancing Gender Equality and the empowerment of girls and women and Call to Action.

The Advisory Council has identified 79 good practices in gender equality laws in 4 sectors (violence, economic empowerment, education and health, discrimination) and in all regions of the world. It calls on the leaders of the G7 and other countries to commit themselves, through the "Biarritz Partnership", to adopt and implement progressive legislative frameworks for gender equality, drawing on its recommendations. In particular, it calls on the leaders to:

-End gender-based violence;

-Promote economic empowerment;

-Ensure equitable and quality education and health;

-Ensure full equality between women and men in public policies.

The Gender Equality Advisory Council (GEAC) was created by Prime Minister Trudeau during Canada's G7 presidency in 2018.

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