Niti Aayog Releases Composite Water Management Index 2019

Composite Water Management Index 2019 CWMI 2.0 logo


Key points of the Composite Water Management Report:


* The CWMI report, released by NITI Aayog on Friday, August 23.

* NITI Aayog first launched and conceptualized the Composite Water Management Index in 2018


* State-level performance scores on water resource management-

Non-Himalayan states:
Top-performing
Gujarat - 75
Andhra Pradesh - 74
Madhya Pradesh - 70
Goa - 60
Low performing
Jharkhand - 34
Bihar - 38

North-eastern and Himalayan states:
Top-performing
Himachal Pradesh - 67
Uttarakhand - 49
Low performing
Arunachal Pradesh - 22
Meghalaya - 26

Union territories:
Puducherry - 39
Delhi - 20


Gujarat ranked first in Composite Water Management Index 2.0


* The CWMI measures performance of the states on a set of water indicators and 9 themes — source augmentation and restoration of water bodies, source augmentation (groundwater), major and medium irrigation, watershed management, participatory irrigation practices, sustainable on-farm water use practices, rural drinking water, urban water supply and sanitation, and policy and governance.


composite Water Management Index compromise



* 80% of the states assessed on the
Index over the last three years has improved their water management scores, with an average improvement of +5.2 points. But worryingly, 16 out of the 27 states still score less than 50 points on the Index (out of 100), and fall in the low-performing category. These states collectively account for 48% of the population, 40% of agricultural produce, and 35% of economic output of India.

* Top performers such as Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Himachal Pradesh have further increased their scores over the last three years, with improvement ranging from 4 to 11 points. On the other end, out of the 14 low-performing states from FY 15-16, only Haryana, Goa, and Telangana have been able to cross the 50-point threshold. Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar, Nagaland, and Meghalaya still score less than 40 points, and the average improvement in the low-performing category over the last three years stands at 3.1 points, lower than 5.2-point average improvement observed across states.

* Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Kerala, and Delhi, 4 of the top 10 contributors to India’s economic output, 4 have scores ranging from 20 points to 47 points on the CWMI.

* None of the top 10 agricultural producers in India,6 except Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, score more than 60 points on the CWMI. This is concerning given that assessment on almost half of the Index scores is directly linked to water management in agriculture.

* State success models

- MUKHYA MANTRI JAL SWAVLAMBHAN ABHIYAN (MJSA), RAJASTHAN
- NEERU-CHETTU PROGRAMME, ANDHRA PRADESH 
- JALYUKT SHIVAR ABHIYAN, MAHARASHTRA 
- MISSION KAKATIYA, TELANGANA 
- SUJALAM SUFALAM YOJANA, GUJARAT
- KAPIL DHARA YOJANA, MADHYA PRADESH
- PANI BACHAO PAISE KAMAO, PUNJAB 
- JAKHNI VILLAGE, BUNDELKHAND, UTTAR PRADESH

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